世卫与中共秘密协议曝光 “病毒溯源”惹质疑

30+

PostBy: 殷楚楚-chuchu yin

世卫与中共秘密协议曝光 “病毒溯源”惹质疑
日内瓦世卫组织总部

【新唐人北京时间2020年11月03日讯】中共病毒在全球肆虐近一年,令各国损失惨重。被指责勾结中共瞒疫的世界卫生组织(WHO),近日召集国际专家与中国专家网络会议,正式启动疫情溯源调查。但有美媒揭露,世卫高层和中共私下达成秘密协议,放弃在关键问题上的调查控制权。

自由亚洲电台2日报导说,世卫组织国际专家组与中国专家日前举行了中共病毒病毒溯源的首次视频交流会,标志着中外联合专家组正式启动对病毒的溯源调查。

调查组计划前往疫情的首个重灾区湖北武汉,但具体时间仍不确定。

世卫组织卫生紧急项目执行主任瑞安(Mike Ryan)10月30日称,这次网络会议是世卫组织在这个“充满了毒性的政治环境”中迈出的重要一步。

所谓的“毒性政治环境”显然是指全球疫情已经被高度政治化的现实。

中共官员在疫情爆发初期隐瞒了真相,使各国丧失了制定防疫措施的宝贵时间,最终导致病毒肆虐全球。但中共当局宣称,它们向国际社会通报了疫情信息。

自由亚洲电台的报导引述消息披露,中共如何控制了世卫组织对病毒源头的调查。该调查是获取内部文件以及对数十名外交官、科学家和公共卫生官员的采访得出的结论。调查中揭露,世卫组织为了获得进入中共开展调查的机会,对北京当局作出了一系列让步。

其中一些从未公开的内部文件说,中共近期批准了一份外部调查人员的名单。作为对中方的回报,世卫组织同意让中方科学家主持关键部分的调查工作,包括国内首批患者和武汉华南海鲜市场在疫情传播中扮演的角色。

文件还显示,世卫国际专家组将审查并“扩充,而不是重复”中方开展的研究。而世卫组织前法律顾问布尔奇(Gian Luca Burci)则称,世卫组织把获准进入中国列为优先事项,但如果对此事刨根问底,他们就会失去软实力。

时政评论人士横河分析说,上述信息充分表明,世卫组织在中国开展的病毒溯源工作就是一场“政治作秀”。意味着世卫组织的溯源调查就是在做一场公关,以此试图减少外界对它的指责,而这家机构对于这项调查没有任何兴趣。

世卫组织(WHO)总干事谭德塞和习近平在北京会面。

根据此前报导,中共病毒疫情去年12月底在武汉爆发,一直在为中共宣传的世卫组织,虽然在去年12月31日已经接获台湾方面的警告,但是直到1月21日,才称该病毒可以人传人。

1月30日,世卫组织宣布该病毒的扩散是“国际关注的突发公共卫生事件”;随后拖了一个半月后,直到3月11日将该疫情定为大流行病。对许多国家来说,WHO的宣布为时已晚。

《BBC》中文网早前在脸书上发布1段影片,盘点WHO总干事谭德塞与中共联合,频频谎报武汉疫情,直致酿成一场世纪大瘟疫。

影片显示,在中国疫情大爆发,湖北省多市被迫封城当天(1月23日),谭德塞公开夸赞中共分享疫情信息非常及时,及时采取相应措施,展现出相当高的透明度。

到1月31日疫情扩散至中国全境,各国急撤侨并发布旅游禁令之后,谭德塞称,世卫反对任何针对中国的旅游及贸易限制。

到2月11日和12日,疫情几乎扩散全球时,谭德塞又接连声称,中国以外的疫情传播可能‘冰山一角’,必须团结对抗病毒,确保疫情不会失控。并把这项病毒视为头号公敌。

2月15日,在德国慕尼黑安全会议上,谭德赛说,中共为世界防控疫情赢得了时间。一下子把中共从祸害世界的病毒发源地变成抗疫第一国。

2月21日,谭德塞说,“中国新增病例持续减少,趋势令人鼓舞。”而各国确诊数字不断攀升。

而在舆论质疑世卫是否该将疫情宣布为“全球大流行 (Pandmic)”时,谭德塞却说,“现在使用大流行一词不符合事实,肯定会引起恐慌。”

直到3月11日,面对全球不断攀升的感染病例及死亡人数,谭德塞终于改口承认,武汉肺炎“全球大流行”。

白宫抗疫小组协调人黛博拉·伯克斯(Deborah Birx)在一次简报会上则说,疫情爆发后,中共通报的数据让其他国家的专家以为这次疫情并不严重。

美联社此前获得知情人士提供的中共内部文件显示, 1月14日,中共卫健委主任马晓伟召开省级卫生官员的秘密电话会议,传达习近平等高层对疫情的指示,并称这次疫情 “严峻且复杂”,有可能发展成为“重大的公共卫生事件”。

在该秘密电话会议后,中共CDC于1月15日在内部启动最高级别的一级应急机制,启动了全国性的防疫计划,开展各项应对措施。但中共当时采取这些举动没有告知公众。

直到1月20日,习近平才针对疫情首次公开发表评论,流行病学专家钟南山才在中共官媒首次宣布该病毒可以在人与人之间传播。

1月28日,谭德塞飞往北京会见习近平,却大赞习“亲自指挥、亲自部署,展示出卓越的领导力”。在谭德塞的宣传下,中共从隐瞒疫情、传播病毒的元凶,变成了抗疫的英雄和模范。

美国参、众两院3月下旬提出一项类似决议,敦促谭德塞不要不切实际地表扬中共政府应对中共病毒的措施。

同时,多名国会议员呼吁谭德塞下台。而透过网路请愿平台要求谭德塞辞去WHO秘书长的连署,全球已经超过百万人支持。

中国共产党掩蓋病毒爆发的事实:時間表

80+

PostBy: 殷楚楚-chuchu yin

中國共產黨如何將COVID-19誤認為世界,並利用世界衛生組織作為宣傳手段

下載PDF

執行摘要

自2019年末出現以來,中華人民共和國及其執政的中國共產黨(CCP)就已經就冠狀病毒對世界產生了欺騙。在這種情況下,共產主義受害者紀念基金會將時間表和事實與中國正在進行的活動進行了比較關于冠狀病毒起源,性質和傳播的虛假宣傳運動。本摘要還說明了世界衛生組織(WHO)如何促進和幫助使中國的虛假主張合法化。

中國欺騙的後果和世界衛生組織的信任現在正在全球範圍內蔓延。通常很難將責任歸屬於負責確保在任何大流行中確保公共衛生的政府和組織,但是冠狀病毒(COVID-19)大流行在本質上是不同的。不管是在中國境內還是境外,對信息的拒絕,徹頭徹尾的捏造以及對人類生命的無視,都令人震驚和無處不在,以致全世界數百萬人感染該病毒,不僅造成可預見的死亡人數,而且是完全可以避免的。

如果中國共產黨採取早期步驟警告世界而不是掩蓋其蔓延,並且如果世界衛生組織只是對中國的主張提出質疑或警告,那麼危害將大大減少。相反,中國的行動和世衛組織的無所作為引發了一場大流行,導致了全球經濟危機和越來越多的人命損失。

為了公正起見,為防止未來再流行,必須通過要求經濟賠償和其他與人權有關的製裁來追究中華人民共和國的責任。中國也應被禁止加入世界衛生組織,而美國納稅人每年也要資助世界衛生組織,因此必須立即進行調查和改革。必須警告媒體,報導中國和世界衛生組織關於這種流行病的說法時,不應進行任何審查或背景調查,以免誤導公眾。

據全球專家稱,共產主義政權已導致全球1億多人死亡。1 目前尚無法確定當前大流行的最終人類死亡人數,但必須包括那些因新型冠狀病毒而喪命和滅亡的人—中國共產黨的受害者及其蓄意無視人類生命和自己的生命國際法律義務。

中國的早期欺騙(11月至1月中旬)

世界首次於2019年12月中旬在中部得知一種神秘的肺炎樣病毒,當時一位海鮮市場的57歲商人報告感到不適並去了一家診所。2  2020年1月9日,該病毒被中華人民共和國當局確認為“新型冠狀病毒”(SARS-CoV-2)。

但是最近的報導表明,第一起病例是在2019年11月17日在中國武漢記錄的-中國仍然不承認這一事實。儘管現成的資料和迅速蔓延爆發,花了兩個多月的中國告訴世界的是,冠狀病毒正在人類之間傳播,它終於承認上月該政權20 3,4 中華人民共和國知道人-於12月下旬向人類傳播,但下令銷毀證據。5 這些信息對於預防全球大流行至關重要。

中國共產黨主席習近平在2月3日表示,他於1月初“提出了預防和控制新型冠狀病毒性肺炎的要求”,但有證據表明,到那時,中國已刻意阻止為製止這種疾病而傳播必要的知識。疾病蔓延。6 值得注意的是,中共採取了早期措施,使中國的科學和衛生界人士無法公開有關該疾病的信息。7 這些行動延遲了世界對新型疾病的理解和應對。

警告冠狀病毒世界的李文亮博士被迫進行自我批評,後來於2020年2月7日死於該病毒。

中華人民共和國同時阻止了美國和世界衛生組織的外部衛生專家獨立核實有關武漢市衛生狀況的數據。對這些行動的最簡單的解釋是,中國正在掩蓋一場重大疫情,這給共產黨領導層帶來了尷尬。中共長期以來一直在國際衛生事務上誤導國際社會,特別是以前爆發過非典和艾滋病。8

到一月中旬,中國官方媒體聲稱該病毒是可以控制的。9 還有其他行動表明中國已經知道其他情況了。從同月開始,中國發起了一場掠奪性全球運動,從北美和歐洲採購醫療用品和設備以緊急運送到中國,這表明該病毒的傳播速度快於中國當局的認識。10 特別注意了個人防護設備,例如呼吸口罩和手套,這意味著中華人民共和國知道冠狀病毒正在人與人之間傳播,儘管它拒絕公開承認這一事實。11

世衛組織還早日意識到人與人之間的傳播。台灣在12月31向該機構強調了這一關切。12 第二天,世衛組織向中國詢問更多信息,但在1月14日,世衛組織仍在報告:“中國當局進行的初步調查未發現明顯的證據表明, -人類傳播。13,14

世衛組織絲毫沒有批評中國拒絕讓其核實中國的數據或竊取全球醫療物資。相反,世衛組織迅速用誇誇其談的方式讚揚中國,甚至稱他們“對正在進行的調查和應對措施的質量感到放心”。15 世衛組織還重申了中華人民共和國的主張,即儘管醫生從患者身上感染了冠狀病毒,但沒有人與人之間傳播的證據。直到1月23日,即中國承認這一事實後的三天,世衛組織一直保持著關於未經證實或有限的人際傳播性質的立場。16

中國造成全球大流行(1月中旬至3月中旬)

到中國官員承認冠狀病毒在人與人之間傳播時(他們已經知道的事實),它已經在亞洲,歐洲和北美傳播。在此期間,據報告中國的感染人數也迅速增加。17 但是,由於中國繼續嚴厲打擊言論自由並阻止獨立醫學調查,中國的感染和死亡人數統計被嚴重低估了。這進一步使世界陷入一種虛假的安全感。

從1月下旬開始,中國的壓迫活動顯著增加。據網民說,它拘留並失踪了獨立的中國記者,驅逐了外國記者,並關閉了某些地區的互聯網。 同時為18個州檢查員提供了從互聯網上刪除更多內容的更多權限。19 中共竭盡全力隱藏不僅在武漢而且在中國各地發生的事情。

許多中國公民冒著生命危險暴露共產黨政權的謊言。在1月下旬和2月初,市民記者陳秋石和營業員方斌在武漢發布了數十幅YouTube視頻,記錄圖像:醫院外面的長隊,悲痛的家庭和行李袋。“在我面前是病毒。邱氏在2月6日失踪前一周在一個視頻中說,我背後是中國的法律和行政權力。20 自2月9日發布他的上一個視頻以來,他再也沒有聽到過他的消息。

中共在國內進行掩蓋後,開始了一場全球虛假宣傳運動。從2月起,中國共產黨官員指責美國最初傳播該病毒,並有意將其種植在武漢。中國還開始將有故障的醫療用品和設備運往國外,其中包括已經收集了一些醫療資源的醫療設備。21 儘管通過保留有關冠狀病毒的重要信息而加劇了日益嚴重的全球危機,但中國仍力圖從地緣政治和經濟上從中受益。

習近平主席於2月初訪問了北京一個社區。(新華社美聯社

在此期間,世界衛生組織繼續吹捧中國的努力並散佈錯誤的數據。儘管直到2月下旬才允許世衛組織團隊進入疫情的中心武漢,但世衛組織官員在1月底讚揚了中國的透明與合作。22 拒絕質疑中國的行動可能會將世界衛生組織宣布全球大流行推遲至2020年3月11日,屆時大多數國家有效保護其公民為時已晚。

世衛組織繼續接受並重複中國的主張,但其他組織已開始承認事實。3月26日,白宮貿易顧問彼得·納瓦羅(Peter Navarro)表示,北京“沒有告訴我們12月初至12月中旬,新型新型冠狀病毒存在人與人之間的傳播危機。這使世界倒退了六個星期。” 23 白宮冠狀病毒特別工作組的Deborah Birx博士在3月31日表示,對這種病毒傳播進行建模的專家“從中國遺失了大量數據”,最引人注目的是在4月2日 ,《紐約時報》 報導自2月初以來,中央情報局就曾警告白宮,中國官員一直在“撒謊關於感染率,檢測和死亡人數的信息。” 24

中國弗洛特國際承諾(進行中)

中國是2005年國際衛生條例(IHR)的簽署國。《國際衛生條例》第6條和第7條特別要求成員國在評估後24小時之內將可能構成“國際關注的突發公共衛生事件”通知世衛組織。未能傳播有關傳染病的可靠信息是違反《國際衛生條例》的行為。25

中華人民共和國違反《條例》是有罪的,因為它沒有在11月和12月通知世衛組織該病毒的爆發。這也使中國醫生保持沉默,這些醫生公開發表了講話,並拒絕了美國疾病控制中心1月6日訪問武漢的提議,並推遲了WHO的流行病學調查援助提議。26 中國共產黨拒絕與國際夥伴合作,從一開始就故意進行掩蓋,儘管這意味著違反了條約義務。

世界衛生組織(WHO)總幹事Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus(Denis Balibouse /路透社

中共在武漢的案件數量繼續低估(可能是驚人的),甚至在3月中旬連續幾天都沒有新案件。中國的許多目擊者對fun儀館的負擔過重,法外處決,以及對信息自由流通的持續鎮壓,都提出了質疑。導致中國繼續誤傳的幾個因素:

  1. 尚未報告新病例。 當地居民對此進行了匯報,衛生專業人員描述了政治壓力,要求匯報好消息,並且不允許新的可能出現COVID-19的患者入院。27
  2. 眾所周知,中文測試套件不可靠。 至少有三個歐洲國家停止使用中國進口的測試,其錯誤率高達80%。28
  3. 無症狀的患者不計算在內。 中華人民共和國文件說,與全球標準相反,無症狀感染不被認為是確診病例。29
  4. 醫療隊被召回武漢。 備受吹捧的醫療隊撤離已悄然暫停,沒有令人滿意的官方解釋。30
  5. 大量的er葬缸。 當地殯儀館正在接受每天2500加骨灰棺材,31 儘管  在武漢中國官方死亡人數為2531。32 每日焚化量是平時的四到五倍。33
  6. 大量未經測試的冠狀病毒受害者。 大量未經證實的冠狀病毒症狀患者已經死亡,其屍體未經檢測就被焚化。34

世衛組織對這些問題保持沉默。它也沒有指出中國明顯違反了《 2005年國際衛生條例》。相反,世衛組織一再稱讚中國的“透明度”,儘管中國共產黨在每個階段都在欺騙和散佈,而且仍在這樣做。世衛組織於2020年4月8日發布的大流行事件時間表忽略了這種情況簡報中包含的許多關鍵事實,並顯示了世衛組織領導層為參加中共掩蓋行動所做的持續努力。

中國撒謊,人民死亡

中共的欺騙給人類造成了巨大的損失,全球有十萬多人因此喪生。整個國家都被關閉,經濟在萎縮,這表明全球危機可能會超過流行病本身。根據英國南安普敦大學的一項研究,如果北京在三週前採取了行動,那麼COVID-19病例的數量將減少95%,其地理範圍將受到嚴重限制,從而可以防止大流行。35

疾病控制和預防中心(CDC)首席副主任Anne Schuchat博士在2020年2月11日的新聞發布會上承認懷疑來自中國的報導不足。en.australia51

中共批評美國的政治體系沒有能力作出有效的反應,儘管美國一直是中國最大的單一國家捐助國,努力遏制COVID-19的擴散,並為美國提供了必要的支持。世衛組織,包括比其他任何國家都更高的資金水平。除了美國在2019年向世衛組織捐款4億美元外,美國36 還為64個國家/地區提供了2.74億美元的應急資金,以協助他們應對流感大流行。

為了對抗美國的領導地位,中國試圖轉移責任,並提高自己的國際地位。值得注意的是,中國也對這種病毒的來源撒謊,中共高級官員和國家控制的媒體都聲稱,美軍對冠狀病毒負責。37

中國還參與了一項全球宣傳運動,向中國爆發的大流行國家提供醫療援助。實際上,中共已將自己描繪成大流行期間的全球救星。然而,其所謂的“口罩外交”已導致向全球運送數千種有缺陷的補給品。包括捷克共和國,西班牙,荷蘭,土耳其,澳大利亞和菲律賓在內的許多國家已經召回了數十萬隻從中國進口的有故障的呼吸面罩和測試套件。更糟糕的是,中國繼續剝奪國際社會最重要的資產來應對和製止該病毒的傳播,即準確的信息。

儘管有證據表明中國提供了有故障的設備,但世界衛生組織仍對中國的援助運動表示讚賞。它再次呼應中國的宣傳路線,使其具有全球信譽,而不是應受到的批評。

政策建議

許多專家建議與中國加強接觸或合作,以解決當前的大流行並防止未來發生類似的危機,但是這種方法無視中共的明確記錄,認為中共是危險的不負責任的行為,對美國和全球健康與安全構成威脅,以及繁榮。40多年來,這都是事實。冠狀病毒大流行僅僅是最新證據。美國政策必鬚根據這種行為模式來製定。

至於世界衛生組織,它一直是“有用的白痴”,毫無疑問地重複了中共的宣傳。這不僅降低了其信譽,而且還導致了肆虐世界的大流行。世衛組織似乎不太可能承認中國在冠狀病毒大流行中的罪魁禍首,更不用說它自己的了。

中國國家主席習近平在武漢拜訪患者和醫護人員。(法新社和蓋蒂圖片社

這種情況需要有力而有原則的回應。美國官員應追求以下政策目標:

  • 美國應努力使中國從世界衛生組織正式加入。將中國視為維護世界健康的平等夥伴,使世衛組織被中國束縛,而無法完成其使命。
  • 美國應努力使台灣加入世界衛生組織,以抵消中國的壓力。事實證明,台灣是應對COVID-19危機的最負責任的國家之一。
  • 美國和其他國家應探索通過法律手段追究中華人民共和國對違反條約義務的責任,並尋求賠償因大流行而造成的經濟損失。
  • 美國應對中國實施更嚴格的製裁,特別是針對其侵犯人權行為的製裁,這在危機的開始和每個階段都促進了冠狀病毒的傳播。
  • 美國應與其他國家合作,要求對在中國武漢爆發的該病毒進行獨立調查。
  • 白宮應成立一個機構間辦公室,專門處理中國和中共的宣傳和外國影響活動。

冠狀病毒CCP掩蓋時間表和WHO合規性

在冠狀病毒大流行的每個階段,中華人民共和國和世界衛生組織的聲明都未能反映現實。共產主義受害者紀念基金會已編制了時間表,顯示了這些公然和危險的差異。

下載PDF

THE CORONAVIRUS COVER-UP: A TIMELINE

60+

PostBy: 殷楚楚-chuchu yin

HOW THE CHINESE COMMUNIST PARTY MISLED THE WORLD ABOUT COVID-19 AND IS USING THE WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION AS AN INSTRUMENT OF PROPAGANDA

DOWNLOAD THE PDF

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

The People’s Republic of China (PRC) and its ruling Chinese Communist Party (CCP) have deceived the world about the coronavirus since its appearance in late 2019. In this situation brief, the Victims of Communism Memorial Foundation compares the timeline and facts with China’s ongoing disinformation campaign about the coronavirus’ origins, nature, and spread. This brief also demonstrates how the World Health Organization (WHO) has promoted and helped legitimize China’s false claims.

The consequences of China’s deception and the WHO’s credulity are now playing out globally. It is normally difficult to assign culpability to governments and organizations charged with ensuring public health in any pandemic, but the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic is materially different. The denial of information, outright fabrications, and disregard for human life—both within and outside of China’s borders—is so shocking and pervasive that the contracting of the virus by millions worldwide and the resultant death toll was not only foreseeable but entirely avoidable.

If the Chinese Communist Party had taken early steps to warn the world instead of covering up its spread, and if the WHO had simply questioned or cautioned against China’s assertions, the harm would have been significantly reduced. Instead, the PRC’s actions and WHO’s inaction precipitated a pandemic, leading to a global economic crisis and a growing loss of human life.

As a matter of justice, and to prevent future pandemics, the PRC must be held accountable through demands for economic reparations and other sanctions pertaining to human rights. China should also be suspended from full membership in the WHO and the WHO, which U.S. taxpayers fund annually, must be subject to immediate investigation and reform. Media organizations reporting on the claims of China and WHO regarding the pandemic without scrutiny or context must be cautioned against misleading the public.

Communist regimes have been responsible for the death of more than 100 million worldwide, according to global experts.1 The final human toll of the current pandemic cannot yet be determined, but those who have perished and will perish from the novel coronavirus must be included in that count—victims of the Chinese Communist Party and its willful disregard for both human life and its own international legal obligations.

CHINA’S EARLY DECEPTION (NOVEMBER – MID-JANUARY)

The world first learned about a mysterious pneumonia-like virus in Central China in mid-December 2019, when a 57-year-old merchant at a seafood market reported feeling ill and visited a clinic.2 On January 9, 2020, the virus was identified by PRC authorities as “a new type of coronavirus” (SARS-CoV-2).

But recent reporting indicates that the first case was recorded in Wuhan, China, on November 17, 2019—a fact still not acknowledged by the PRC. Despite readily available information and a rapidly spreading outbreak, it took more than two months for the PRC to inform the world that the coronavirus was being transmitted among humans, which the regime finally admitted on January 20.3,4 The PRC knew about human-to-human transmission by late December, yet ordered the evidence destroyed.5 Such information was vital to preventing the global pandemic.

Chinese Communist Party Chairman Xi Jinping stated on February 3 that he “made requests for prevention and control of the new coronavirus pneumonia” in early January, but the evidence indicates that by then, the PRC had deliberately prevented the dissemination of knowledge necessary to stop the illness from spreading.6 Notably, the CCP took early measures to silence individuals in China’s scientific and health communities from publicizing information about the disease.7 These actions delayed the world’s understanding of—and response to—the novel illness.

Dr. Li Wenliang who warned the world of coronavirus, was forced to make a self-criticism, and later died from the virus on Feb. 7, 2020.

The PRC simultaneously prevented outside health experts from the United States and the WHO from independently verifying data about the health situation in Wuhan. The simplest explanation for these actions is that the PRC was covering up a major outbreak which was an embarrassment to the communist leadership. The CCP has a long record of misleading the international community on health matters, most notably with previous outbreaks of SARS and AIDS.8

Through the middle of January, Chinese state-run media claimed that the virus was containable.9 Yet other actions indicate the PRC already knew otherwise. Beginning that same month, the PRC activated a predatory global campaign to acquire medical supplies and equipment from North America and Europe for urgent shipment to China—a sign that the virus was spreading faster than Chinese authorities acknowledged.10 Special attention was given to personal protective equipment such as respiratory masks and gloves, meaning the PRC knew that the coronavirus was spreading between humans, though it refused to publicly acknowledge this fact.11

The WHO was also aware of human-to-human transmission at an early date. Taiwan highlighted this concern to the agency on December 31.12 The next day the WHO asked China for more information, but on January 14 the WHO was still reporting that “preliminary investigations conducted by the Chinese authorities have found no clear evidence of human-to-human transmission.13,14

At no point has the WHO criticized China for refusing to let it verify the PRC’s data or for pilfering global medical supplies. Instead, the WHO quickly praised China in glowing terms, even saying they were “reassured of the quality of the ongoing investigations and the response measures.”15 The WHO also repeated the PRC’s claim that there was no evidence of human-to-human transmission despite doctors contracting the coronavirus from patients. The WHO maintained its position about the unverified or limited nature of human-to-human transmission until January 23—three days after the PRC admitted the fact.16

CHINA CREATES A GLOBAL PANDEMIC (MID-JANUARY – MID-MARCH)

By the time Chinese officials acknowledged that the coronavirus spread between humans—a fact they already knew—it had already made its way across Asia and to Europe and North America. The reported number of infected people in the PRC also increased rapidly during this time.17 But China’s tally of infections and deaths were severely under-counted, as the PRC continued to crack down on free speech and prevent independent medical investigations. This further lulled the world into a false sense of security.

PRC oppression significantly increased beginning in late January. It detained and disappeared independent Chinese journalists, expelled foreign journalists, and shut down the internet in certain areas, according to netizens.18 State censors were simultaneously given more powers to remove more content from the internet.19 The CCP made every available effort to hide what was happening not only in Wuhan, but across China.

Many Chinese citizens risked their lives exposing the lies of the Communist regime. In late January and early February, Citizen journalist Chen Qiushi and salesperson Fang Bin published dozens of YouTube videos documenting images in Wuhan: long lines outside of hospitals, grieving families, and body bags. “In front of me is the virus. Behind me is China’s legal and administrative power,” Qiushi said in one video a week before his disappearance on February 6. Fang described himself as “a person, just an ordinary person, a silly person who lifted the lid for a second.”20 He has not been heard from since his last video, posted February 9.

In conjunction with its domestic cover-up, the CCP began a global disinformation and propaganda campaign. From February onward, Chinese communist officials accused the United States of initially spreading the virus and intentionally planting it in Wuhan. The PRC also began shipping faulty medical supplies and equipment to foreign countries, including some whose medical resources it had already hoarded.21 Despite contributing to the mounting global crisis by withholding vital information about the coronavirus, the PRC nonetheless sought to benefit from it geopolitically and financially.

President Xi Jinping visits a Beijing neighborhood in early February. (Xinhua via Associated Press)

During this time, the WHO continued to tout Chinese efforts and spread erroneous data. WHO officials praised PRC transparency and cooperation in late January, even though a WHO team was not allowed into Wuhan, the epicenter of the outbreak, until late February.22 Its refusal to question PRC actions likely delayed the WHO’s declaration of a global pandemic until March 11, 2020, by which point it was far too late for most nations to effectively protect their citizens.

The WHO has continued to accept and repeat China’s claims, but others have begun to recognize the truth. On March 26, Peter Navarro, White House Trade Advisor stated that Beijing “did not tell us early to mid-December that there was a crisis of human-to-human transmission with a new novel coronavirus. That has set the world back six weeks.”23 Dr. Deborah Birx of the White House Coronavirus Taskforce stated on March 31 that experts modeling the virus spread “were missing a significant amount of the data” from China, and, most notably, on April 2, The New York Times reported that the Central Intelligence Agency had warned the White House since early February that PRC officials had been “lying about infection rates, testing, and death counts.”24

CHINA FLOUTS INTERNATIONAL COMMITMENTS (ONGOING)

China is a signatory to the 2005 International Health Regulations (IHR). Articles 6 and 7 of the IHR specifically require member states to notify the WHO—within 24 hours of assessment—of any events which may constitute a “public health emergency of international concern.” Failing to disseminate credible information about infectious diseases is a violation of the IHR.25

The PRC is guilty of violating the IHR because it failed to notify the WHO about the outbreak of the virus in November and December. It also silenced Chinese doctors who spoke publicly about it and refused offers from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control to visit Wuhan on January 6 and delayed offers of epidemic investigation assistance from the WHO.26 The Chinese Communist Party refused to cooperate with international partners and willfully perpetrated a cover-up from the start—even though it meant violating its treaty obligations.

Director General of the World Health Organization (WHO) Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus (Denis Balibouse/Reuters)

The CCP has continued to undercount—likely dramatically—the number of cases in Wuhan, even claiming no new cases for multiple days in a row during mid-March. Such claims are challenged by a number of eyewitness Chinese accounts of overburdened funeral homes, extrajudicial killings, and the continued crackdown on the free flow of information. Several factors point to continued PRC misinformation:

  1. New cases have not been reported. Local residents report this, and health professionals have described political pressure to report good news and not to admit new likely COVID-19 patients to hospitals.27
  2. Chinese test kits are notoriously unreliable. At least three European countries have stopped using imported Chinese tests, which have error rates as high as 80 percent.28
  3. Asymptomatic patients are not counted. PRC documents say that asymptomatic infection is not considered as a confirmed case, contrary to global standards.29
  4. Medical teams were called back to Wuhan. A much-touted medical team withdrawal has been quietly paused, without satisfactory official explanation.30
  5. Large numbers of funerary urns. Local funeral homes are receiving 2,500-plus cinerary caskets a day,31 even though the total official PRC death count in Wuhan is 2,531.32 Daily incineration volume has been four to five times higher than usual.33
  6. High volume of untested coronavirus victims. An unverified number of patients with coronavirus syptoms have died and thier bodies incinerated without testing.34

The WHO remains silent on these issues. Nor has it pointed out the PRC’s apparent violations of the 2005 International Health Regulations. Instead, the WHO has repeatedly praised the PRC’s “transparency”—even though the Chinese Communist Party has deceived and dissembled at every stage and is still doing so. A timeline of pandemic events published by the WHO on April 8, 2020 omits many of the incriminating facts contained in this situation brief and demonstrates the continued efforts of the WHO leadership to participate in the CCP’s coverup.

CHINA LIED, PEOPLE DIED

The Chinese Communist Party’s deception has had a terrible human cost, with more than 100,000 global deaths and counting. Entire countries are shut down and economies are contracting, pointing to a global crisis that will likely outlive the pandemic itself. According to a study by the United Kingdom’s University of Southampton, if Beijing had acted three weeks earlier, the number of COVID-19 cases could have been reduced by 95 percent, and its geographic spread would have been severely limited—thereby preventing a pandemic.35

Dr. Anne Schuchat, Chief Deputy Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) admits suspicion of under-reporting from China at a news conference on February 11, 2020. (en.australia51)

The CCP has criticized the United States’ political system as incapable of having an efficient response, even though the U.S. has been the top single-country donor to China in its efforts to counter the spread of COVID-19 and has provided essential support to the WHO, including a higher level of funding than from any other country. In addition to the $400 million contributed by the U.S. to the WHO in 2019,36 the United States also made $274 million of emergency funds available to 64 countries to assist in their pandemic responses.

To counter U.S. leadership, the PRC has attempted to shift blame and shore up its own international standing. Notably, the PRC has also lied about the origin of the virus, with senior CCP officials and state-controlled media outlets claiming that the U.S. Army is responsible for the coronavirus.37

The PRC is also engaged in a global propaganda campaign to provide medical aid to countries suffering from a pandemic that the PRC precipitated. Indeed, the CCP has portrayed itself as the global savior during the pandemic. Yet its so-called “facemask diplomacy” has resulted in the shipment of thousands of defective supplies around the world. Many countries including the Czech Republic, Spain, the Netherlands, Turkey, Australia, and the Philippines have recalled hundreds of thousands of faulty respiratory masks and testing kits imported from China. Far worse, China continues to deprive the international community of its most important asset to respond to and stop the spread of the virus—accurate information.

The World Health Organization has praised China’s aid campaign, despite evidence of its delivery of faulty equipment. Once again, it is echoing the PRC’s line of propaganda, giving it global credibility instead of the criticism it deserves.

POLICY RECOMMENDATIONS

Many experts recommend greater engagement or cooperation with the PRC to address the current pandemic and to prevent similar crises in the future, but this approach ignores the clear record of the Chinese Communist Party as dangerously irresponsible and a threat to U.S. and global health and safety, as well as prosperity. This has been true for more than 40 years; the coronavirus pandemic is merely the latest proof. U.S. policy must be formulated in light of this pattern of behavior.

As for the WHO, it has served as a “useful idiot” that repeats CCP propaganda without question. Not only has this diminished its credibility, it has helped cause the pandemic that is wracking the world. It appears unlikely that the WHO will ever acknowledge China’s culpability in the coronavirus pandemic—much less its own.

China’s President Xi Jinping visits patients and healthcare workers in Wuhan. (Agence France-Presse and Getty Images)

The situation demands a strong and principled response. U.S. officials should pursue the following policy objectives:

  • The U.S. should work to suspend the PRC from full membership in the WHO. Treating the PRC as an equal partner in safeguarding world health made the WHO captive to the PRC and less able to accomplish its mission.
  • The U.S. should work toward Taiwan’s admission to the WHO as a counterbalance to the PRC. Taiwan has proven to be one of the most responsible countries in responding to the COVID-19 crisis.
  • The U.S. and other countries should explore using legal means to hold the PRC accountable for violating its treaty obligations and seek reparations for economic damages incurred as a result of the pandemic.
  • The U.S. should enact stronger sanctions on the PRC specifically related to its human rights violations which contributed to the coronavirus’ spread at the very beginning and at every phase of the crisis.
  • The U.S. should cooperate with other countries to demand an independent investigation into the outbreak of the virus in Wuhan, China.
  • The White House should form an inter-agency office specifically to deal with PRC and CCP propaganda and foreign influence operations.

TIMELINE OF CORONAVIRUS CCP COVER-UP AND WHO COMPLICITY

At every stage of the coronavirus pandemic, PRC and WHO statements have failed to reflect reality. The Victims of Communism Memorial Foundation has compiled a timeline showing these blatant and dangerous discrepancies.

DOWNLOAD THE PDF

“大国战疫”下的罪恶 网民列中共47宗罪

40+
“大国战疫”下的罪恶 网民列中共47宗罪
图为武汉一家医院的重症监护室

中共病毒(武汉肺炎)疫情扩散全球,中共至今没有为隐瞒疫情引发灾难向世界人民道歉。相反,在中共宣称的“大国战疫”下,发生一幕幕罪恶。有网友通过微博热搜,列出中共47宗罪。

4月3日,品葱网上的一篇文章的作者称,中共罪行罄竹难书,通过2020年1月—3月的微博热搜,从各大新闻网站搜集了中共自肺炎疫情爆发以来的各种表现,列出中共在武汉肺炎疫情中所犯下的的47宗罪。

1.隐瞒疫情,所有疫情信息不透明,包括感染人数、死亡人数、死亡率等。

2.惩戒8位吹哨人,阻止他们向外界传递关于疫情的消息。

3.华南海鲜市场贩卖珍稀野生动物十数余年,疫情发生后负责人销声匿迹,至今不见踪影。

4.在已知病毒人传人的情况下,武汉政府仍然执意举办万家宴,百步亭社区管委会自1月25日后停摆。

5.武汉市政府办公厅公务用车鄂A0260W免费提领武汉红十字会物资。生活物资、医疗物资先供领导,普通百姓民不聊生,3月3日汉阳黄金口一对孤寡老人没有食物双双跳楼。

6.武汉多家医院医护人员被迫对外求助,协和医生在武汉国博乞讨式求医疗物资,广东医护借柳叶刀发文公开吁国际援助

7.武汉政府凌晨2点告知民众他们会在10点封城,导致五百万人逃离,病毒四散全球。

8.文革式防疫手段风行。孝感戴有“红袖章”的防疫人员闯入私人住宅砸烂麻将桌,殴打户主儿子;咸宁市则有年轻男子坐电单车没戴口罩,被村干部发现后绑在树上。

9.封城之后超市断货物资匮乏,商家坐地起价。

10.中国红十字会贪污,扣押救援物资,民间发起捐助物资遭阻拦,武汉市委书记称捐款、捐赠物资只能通过红十字会。

11.疑似患者无法做核酸检测,死于家中,无人处理。

12.媒体编造李文亮医生死亡时间。

13.微信大批量封号,言论封锁,微博热搜出现“我要言论自由”,随后被删。

14.言论封锁,白色恐怖,“李文亮遗孀等待调查结果”报导遭全网删除,“疫情发哨人”专访遭下架,“疫情50天中国人承受媒体死亡代价”遭删…

15.自1月28日在北京大会堂会见世卫总干事以来,习近平消失7天。

16.中共驱逐美国三大媒体。

17.政府忽视其他病患,大量肺炎以外患者得不到有效救治而痛苦去世。

18.城管抢业主买下的菜,爱心蔬菜被当垃圾。

19.武汉职校宿舍被征用,学生物品遭丢弃。

20.地方政府抢口罩,重庆口罩被大理拦截。

21.官媒恶意误导群众,造谣双黄连治病奇效,导致民众连夜抢购。

22.任志强、陈秋实、方斌、李泽华、张文斌等多人被消失,至今生死不明。

23.女性侮辱,“九个月孕妇、流产护士支援前线”,护士被剃头。

24.监狱管理信息不透明,病亡人数无从得知。

25.“李文亮事件调查结果”只惩处基层民警,相关领导安然无恙。

26.云南临沧市强迫学生喝中药“大锅药”,三至六岁幼童必须每天喝。一临沧幼儿园要求学生每天上传喝药的图片,有学生喝药后出现拉肚子,头晕等症状。

27.武汉城管群殴配送店员。

28.天津拾荒老人被殴打。

29.大国战役出版,歌颂党的领导;湖南推出儿歌“方舱医院真神奇”,文革样板戏诈尸。

30.武汉市委书记王忠林要求在全市推广感恩教育,听党话、跟党走,形成强大正能量。

31.福建隔离酒店倒塌案致29死42伤。

32.政府用垃圾车运送生活物资。

33.火神山医院377名工人被隔离,既回不了家,政府还切断他们的补助,生活陷入困境;雷神山医院农民工遭剥削打压,工人薪金是国家原定工资六分之一。

34.中共克扣医护人员、农民工、志愿者工资。

35.湖北遭遇全国性歧视,黄梅九江爆发冲突,湖北民工在深圳流落街头。

36.国务院副总理孙春兰视察武汉一社区,社区民众高喊“全部都是假的”。

37.习近平视察武汉,警察进入平民家中监控。

38.珠海拱北口岸商户罢市要求减租遭喷辣椒水。

39.华人捐赠物资被卖回美国。

40.政治性解封,病人出方舱后在酒店隔离时死亡,出院病患复阳率、传染性不明,无症状传染者信息不明。

41.中共不断输出劣质品,贩卖别国假冒伪劣医疗物资,华春莹“我们收到别国援助物资里也有不合格的”。

42.战螂外交部:甩锅武肺起源地,炮制美国阴谋论。

43.制造仇视、排外言论,煽动民族情绪,激化中国与海外矛盾。

44.不允许台湾加入WHO。

45.贿赂世卫,官员,谭德塞为中共站台误导全球,WHO变CHO。

46.外国人隔离期间享受超国民待遇。

47.雷神山庆功,丧事喜办。

The CCP’s crimes are endless,but Ithink it is necessary to sort out the crimes they committed in Wuhan CCPvirus.I collected the mistakes and crimes made by the Chinese Communist Nazi since the outbreak of Wuhan CCPvirus through the Weibo hot search and major news websites from January to March.I don’t believe that the Internet has no memory.

1.Chinese Communist Nazi concealed the epidemic at first,and all information on the epidemic was opaque,including the number of infections,deaths,and mortality rates.

2.Chinese Communist Nazi punished eight whistlers and prevented them from relaying news of the infectious disease

3.Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market had been selling wild animals for more than ten years.

The person in charge of this market disappeared after the outbreak of CCPvirus,and no trace has been found so far.

4.Even if the Wuhan government has already known the virus is transmitted from person to person,they still insisted on organizing Wanjia banquet.The work of Baibuting Community Management Committee had paralyzed after January 25.

5.The official car of the Wuhan Municipal Government Office A0260W collected medical supplies of Wuhan Red Cross for free.Living and medical supplies were provided for the leaders first.The people have no way to make aliving.On March 3,a pair of elderly people in Huangjinkou,Hanyang jumped off the building due to alack of food.

6.Medical staff in several hospitals in Wuhan were desperate to ask for help.On January 31,Xiehe’s doctors begged Red Cross staff to provide medical supplies at Wuhan International Expo Center.Guangdong medical staff published an article on Lancet calling for international assistance.

7.The Wuhan government informed the public at 2am that they would quarantine the city at 10 am,which caused 5million people to flee and the virus scattered around the world.

8.Cultural Revolution-style epidemic prevention is popular.In Xiaogan,epidemic prevention officers broke into aprivate house and smashed aMahjong table,assaulted the homeowner’s son.In Xianning,village officials found ayoung man riding amotorcycle without amask.In order to punish the man,some local village cadres tied the man to atree.

9.After the city was closed,supermarkets were out of stock and lacked supplies for days.Merchants raised prices for food and medical supplies

10.The Chinese Red Cross has severely corrupted and seized relief supplies from all over the world.Unofficial rescue&donation platforms were blocked by the Red Cross.Secretary of the Wuhan Municipal Party Committee said that donations and materials can only be passed through the Red Cross

11.Patients suspected of being infected could not be tested for the virus,many people died at home,and the bodies were left untreated

12.Media fabricated Dr Li Wenliang’s death time

13.Wechat blocked alarge number of accounts,and ahashtag of”I want the freedom of speech”appeared on Weibo,which was subsequently deleted.

14.White Terror and The Censorship of Speech.Report of”Li Wenliang’s widow awaiting the investigation on Li Wenliang’s death”was deleted across the network,different editions of the article”The person who distributed whistles”was removed,”The 50th day of the epidemic,Chinese bear the cost of media’s death”was deleted,etc.

15.Xi Jinping disappeared for 7days since meeting with WHO Director-General at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing on January 28.

16.Chinese Communist Nazi expelled US journalists.

17.The government ignored other patients,and alarge number of patients with severe illness died painfully without effective treatment

18.Urban management officers grabbed the vegetables and meat bought by the residential property owners,and vegetables donated by other provinces were treated as garbage.

19.Dormitories of multiple vocational colleges in Wuhan have been requisitioned by the government,and student belongings have been discarded as trash.

20.Some local governments in China grabbed and stole masks bought by other municipal governments,Chongqing masks were intercepted by Dali city government officials

21.China official media maliciously misled the masses,creating rumours that Shuanghuanglian’s cure was so effective that it led to mass purchases overnight

22.Ren Zhiqiang,Chen Qiushi,Fang Bin,Li Zehua,Zhang Wenbin,and many others were disappeared,so far their lives and deaths are unknown

23.Female insult.“a nine-month pregnant woman and an abortion nurse supported the frontline”as official propaganda machines encourage this behaviour.In order to support the front line,the female nurses of the Gansu medical team shaved their hairs all together,while male nurses didn’t do that.

24.Prison management information is opaque,and the number of infected and dead is unknown

25.”Results of Li Wenliang Incident Investigation”only punish the grassroots policemen,and relevant leaders are safe and sound.

26.The officials of Lincang City,Yunnan Province forced students to drink Chinese traditional herbal medicine.Children aged three to six had to drink it every day.A kindergarten in Lincang required students to upload pictures of drinking herbal medicine every day.Some students experienced diarrhoea and dizziness after taking herbal medicine.

27.Wuhan urban management officers assaulted astaff member who distributed food.

28.Tianjin’s old scavengers were beaten by the urban management team.

29.The political propaganda book”China combating COVID-19 in 2020″was published and on sale,which mainly eulogizes the leadership of CCP;People of literary and art circles in Hunanhave created achildren’s song”The Fangcang Shelter Hospitals are so fucking amazing”,it seems like the Cultural Revolution Model Drama revived in ahorrific way.

30.The secretary of the Wuhan Municipal Party Committee Wang Zhonglin called for the promotion of gratitude education throughout the city.He said that Wuhan people have to listen to CCP and follow CCP’s rules in order to form strong positive energies.

31.A hotel in Fujian used to isolate patients with Wuhan CCPviruscollapsed,causing 29 deaths and 42 injuries.

32.Government transported living materials used by garbage trucks

33.377 workers at Huoshenshan Hospital were quarantined and were unable to return to their homes.The government also cut off their subsidies,making their lives difficult;Migrant workers in Leishenshan Hospital were exploited and suppressed by government officials,the workers only received one-sixth of the wages originally stipulated by the state.

34.The Chinese Communist Party withheld the salaries of medical staff,migrant workers and volunteers.

35.Hubei encountered national discrimination,conflict broke out in Huangmei county and Jiujiang city,and Hubei migrant workers lived on the streets in Shenzhen.

36.Sun Chunlan,Vice Premier of the State Council,inspected acommunity in Wuhan,and the people of the community shouted”All are fake”

37.The police entered the civilians’private homes to monitor people’s behaviour when Xi Jinping visited Wuhan

38.Merchants at Zhuhai Gongbei Port struck for arent reduction and were sprayed with chilli water by policemen

39.Ethnic Chinese donated materials were sold back to the United States

40.Political unblocking.Some patients died when they were isolated in the hotel after leaving Fangcang shelter hospitals.The RP rate and infectivity of patients discharged from the hospital are unknown,and the information of asymptomatic patients is unknown as well.

41.The CCP continues to export inferior medical supplies and sell counterfeit medical supplies in other countries.While Hua Chunying said,”We also received unqualified medical materials from other countries”

42.CCP Piece of Shit Ministry of Foreign Affairs concocted the American conspiracy theory,saying that the United States is the origin of Wuhan CCPvirus

43.CCP Piece of Shit Ministry of Foreign Affairs and CCP propaganda machines create hatred and xenophobia,inciting national populism and intensifying conflicts between China and overseas.

44.CCP does not allow Taiwan to join the WHO

45.The Chinese Communist Party bribed the officials of WHO,Tan Desai’s wrong judgment misleads global epidemic prevention.WHO=CHO

46.Foreigners enjoy excessively superior treatment during their isolation in China

47.The local leaders held acelebration ceremony in Leishenshan Hospital,ignoring that Wuhan CCPvirus has already killed tens of thousands of people in this country due to the faults made by these leaders,in the meantime the world is suffering pains and deaths caused by Wuhan CCPvirus.What they did is aCCP tradition,we call it“Treat afuneral as awedding ceremony,Take the pains of others as ajoke”.

China didn’t warn public of likely pandemic for 6 key days

1+

PostBy: 殷楚楚-chuchu yin

In the six days after top Chinese officials secretly determined they likely were facing a pandemic from a new coronavirus, the city of Wuhan at the epicenter of the disease hosted a mass banquet for tens of thousands of people; millions began traveling through for Lunar New Year celebrations.

President Xi Jinping warned the public on the seventh day, Jan. 20. But by that time, more than 3,000 people had been infected during almost a week of public silence, according to internal documents obtained by The Associated Press and expert estimates based on retrospective infection data.

Six days.

That delay from Jan. 14 to Jan. 20 was neither the first mistake made by Chinese officials at all levels in confronting the outbreak, nor the longest lag, as governments around the world have dragged their feet for weeks and even months in addressing the virus.

But the delay by the first country to face the new coronavirus came at a critical time — the beginning of the outbreak. China’s attempt to walk a line between alerting the public and avoiding panic set the stage for a pandemic that has infected more than 2 million people and taken more than 133,000 lives.

“This is tremendous,” said Zuo-Feng Zhang, an epidemiologist at the University of California, Los Angeles. “If they took action six days earlier, there would have been much fewer patients and medical facilities would have been sufficient. We might have avoided the collapse of Wuhan’s medical system.”

Other experts noted that the Chinese government may have waited on warning the public to stave off hysteria, and that it did act quickly in private during that time.

But the six-day delay by China’s leaders in Beijing came on top of almost two weeks during which the national Center for Disease Control did not register any cases from local officials, internal bulletins obtained by the AP confirm. Yet during that time, from Jan. 5 to Jan. 17, hundreds of patients were appearing in hospitals not just in Wuhan but across the country.

It’s uncertain whether it was local officials who failed to report cases or national officials who failed to record them. It’s also not clear exactly what officials knew at the time in Wuhan, which only opened back up last week with restrictions after its quarantine.

But what is clear, experts say, is that China’s rigid controls on information, bureaucratic hurdles and a reluctance to send bad news up the chain of command muffled early warnings. The punishment of eight doctors for “rumor-mongering,” broadcast on national television on Jan. 2, sent a chill through the city’s hospitals.

“Doctors in Wuhan were afraid,” said Dali Yang, a professor of Chinese politics at the University of Chicago. “It was truly intimidation of an entire profession.”

Without these internal reports, it took the first case outside China, in Thailand on Jan. 13, to galvanize leaders in Beijing into recognizing the possible pandemic before them. It was only then that they launched a nationwide plan to find cases — distributing CDC-sanctioned test kits, easing the criteria for confirming cases and ordering health officials to screen patients. They also instructed officials in Hubei province, where Wuhan is located, to begin temperature checks at transportation hubs and cut down on large public gatherings. And they did it all without telling the public.

The Chinese government has repeatedly denied suppressing information in the early days, saying it immediately reported the outbreak to the World Health Organization.

“Those accusing China of lacking transparency and openness are unfair,” foreign ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian said Wednesday when asked about the AP story.

_________________________

The documents show that the head of China’s National Health Commission, Ma Xiaowei, laid out a grim assessment of the situation on Jan. 14 in a confidential teleconference with provincial health officials. A memo states that the teleconference was held to convey instructions on the coronavirus from President Xi Jinping, Premier Li Keqiang and Vice Premier Sun Chunlan, but does not specify what those instructions were.

“The epidemic situation is still severe and complex, the most severe challenge since SARS in 2003, and is likely to develop into a major public health event,” the memo cites Ma as saying.

The National Health Commission is the top medical agency in the country. In a faxed statement, the Commission said it had organized the teleconference because of the case reported in Thailand and the possibility of the virus spreading during New Year travel. It added that China had published information on the outbreak in an “open, transparent, responsible and timely manner,” in accordance with “important instructions” repeatedly issued by President Xi.

Full Coverage: Virus Outbreak

The documents come from an anonymous source in the medical field who did not want to be named for fear of retribution. The AP confirmed the contents with two other sources in public health familiar with the teleconference. Some of the memo’s contents also appeared in a public notice about the teleconference, stripped of key details and published in February.

Under a section titled “sober understanding of the situation,” the memo said that “clustered cases suggest that human-to-human transmission is possible.” It singled out the case in Thailand, saying that the situation had “changed significantly” because of the possible spread of the virus abroad.

“With the coming of the Spring Festival, many people will be traveling, and the risk of transmission and spread is high,” the memo continued. “All localities must prepare for and respond to a pandemic.”

In the memo, Ma demanded officials unite around Xi and made clear that political considerations and social stability were key priorities during the long lead-up to China’s two biggest political meetings of the year in March. While the documents do not spell out why Chinese leaders waited six days to make their concerns public, the meetings may be one reason.

“The imperatives for social stability, for not rocking the boat before these important Party congresses is pretty strong,” says Daniel Mattingly, a scholar of Chinese politics at Yale. “My guess is, they wanted to let it play out a little more and see what happened.”

In response to the teleconference, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention in Beijing initiated the highest-level emergency response internally, level one, on Jan. 15. It assigned top CDC leaders to 14 working groups tasked with getting funds, training health workers, collecting data, doing field investigations and supervising laboratories, an internal CDC notice shows.

The National Health Commission also distributed a 63-page set of instructions to provincial health officials, obtained by the AP. The instructions ordered health officials nationwide to identify suspected cases, hospitals to open fever clinics, and doctors and nurses to don protective gear. They were marked “internal” — “not to be spread on the internet,” “not to be publicly disclosed.”

In public, however, officials continued to downplay the threat, pointing to the 41 cases public at the time.

“We have reached the latest understanding that the risk of sustained human-to-human transmission is low,” Li Qun, the head of the China CDC’s emergency center, told Chinese state television on Jan. 15. That was the same day Li was appointed leader of a group preparing emergency plans for the level one response, a CDC notice shows.

On Jan. 20, President Xi issued his first public comments on the virus, saying the outbreak “must be taken seriously” and every possible measure pursued. A leading Chinese epidemiologist, Zhong Nanshan, announced for the first time that the virus was transmissible from person to person on national television.

If the public had been warned a week earlier to take actions such as social distancing, mask wearing and travel restrictions, cases could have been cut by up to two-thirds, one paper later found. An earlier warning could have saved lives, said Zhang, the doctor in Los Angeles.

However, other health experts said the government took decisive action in private given the information available to them.

“They may not have said the right thing, but they were doing the right thing,” said Ray Yip, the retired founding head of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control’s office in China. “On the 20th, they sounded the alarm for the whole country, which is not an unreasonable delay.”

If health officials raise the alarm prematurely, it can damage their credibility — “like crying wolf” —and cripple their ability to mobilize the public, said Benjamin Cowling, an epidemiologist at the University of Hong Kong.

The delay may support accusations by President Donald Trump that the Chinese government’s secrecy held back the world’s response to the virus. However, even the public announcement on Jan. 20 left the U.S. nearly two months to prepare for the pandemic.

During those months, Trump ignored the warnings of his own staff and dismissed the disease as nothing to worry about, while the government failed to bolster medical supplies and deployed flawed testing kits. Leaders across the world turned a blind eye to the outbreak, with British Prime Minister Boris Johnson calling for a strategy of “herd immunity” — before falling ill himself. Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro sneered at what he called “a little cold.”

_________________________

The early story of the pandemic in China shows missed opportunities at every step, the documents and AP interviews reveal. Under Xi, China’s most authoritarian leader in decades, increasing political repression has made officials more hesitant to report cases without a clear green light from the top.

“It really increased the stakes for officials, which made them reluctant to step out of line,” said Mattingly, the Yale professor. “It made it harder for people at the local level to report bad information.”

Doctors and nurses in Wuhan told Chinese media there were plenty of signs that the coronavirus could be transmitted between people as early as late December. Patients who had never been to the suspected source of the virus, the Huanan Seafood Market, were infected. Medical workers started falling ill.

But officials obstructed medical staff who tried to report such cases. They set tight criteria for confirming cases, where patients not only had to test positive, but samples had to be sent to Beijing and sequenced. They required staff to report to supervisors before sending information higher, Chinese media reports show. And they punished doctors for warning about the disease.

As a result, no new cases were reported for almost two weeks from Jan. 5, even as officials gathered in Wuhan for Hubei province’s two biggest political meetings of the year, internal China CDC bulletins confirm.

During this period, teams of experts dispatched to Wuhan by Beijing said they failed to find clear signs of danger and human-to-human transmission.

“China has many years of disease control, there’s absolutely no chance that this will spread widely because of Spring Festival travel,” the head of the first expert team, Xu Jianguo, told Takungpao, a Hong Kong paper, on Jan. 6. He added there was “no evidence of human-to-human transmission” and that the threat from the virus was low.

The second expert team, dispatched on Jan. 8, similarly failed to unearth any clear signs of human-to-human transmission. Yet during their stay, more than half a dozen doctors and nurses had already fallen ill with the virus, a retrospective China CDC study published in the New England Journal of Medicine would later show.

The teams looked for patients with severe pneumonia, missing those with milder symptoms. They also narrowed the search to those who had visited the seafood market — which was in retrospect a mistake, said Cowling, the Hong Kong epidemiologist, who flew to Beijing to review the cases in late January.

In the weeks after the severity of the epidemic became clear, some experts accused Wuhan officials of intentionally hiding cases.

“I always suspected it was human-to-human transmissible,” said Wang Guangfa, the leader of the second expert team, in a Mar. 15 post on Weibo, the Chinese social media platform. He fell ill with the virus soon after returning to Beijing on Jan. 16.

Wuhan’s then-mayor, Zhou Xianwang, blamed national regulations for the secrecy.

“As a local government official, I could disclose information only after being authorized,” Zhou told state media in late January. “A lot of people didn’t understand this.”

As a result, top Chinese officials appear to have been left in the dark.

“The CDC acted sluggishly, assuming all was fine,” said a state health expert, who declined to be named out of fear of retribution. “If we started to do something a week or two earlier, things could have been so much different.”

It wasn’t just Wuhan. In Shenzhen in southern China, hundreds of miles away, a team led by microbiologist Yuen Kwok-yung used their own test kits to confirm that six members of a family of seven had the virus on Jan. 12. In an interview with Caixin, a respected Chinese finance magazine, Yuen said he informed CDC branches “of all levels,” including Beijing. But internal CDC numbers did not reflect Yuen’s report, the bulletins show.

When the Thai case was reported, health authorities finally drew up an internal plan to systematically identify, isolate, test, and treat all cases of the new coronavirus nationwide.

Wuhan’s case count began to climb immediately — four on Jan. 17, then 17 the next day and 136 the day after. Across the country, dozens of cases began to surface, in some cases among patients who were infected earlier but had not yet been tested. In Zhejiang, for example, a man hospitalized on Jan. 4 was only isolated on Jan. 17 and confirmed positive on Jan. 21. Shenzhen, where Yuen had earlier found six people who tested positive, finally recorded its first confirmed case on Jan. 19.

The Wuhan Union Hospital, one of the city’s best, held an emergency meeting on Jan. 18, instructing staff to adopt stringent isolation — still before Xi’s public warning. A health expert told AP that on Jan. 19, she toured a hospital built after the SARS outbreak, where medical workers had furiously prepared an entire building with hundreds of beds for pneumonia patients.

“Everybody in the country in the infectious disease field knew something was going on,” she said, declining to be named to avoid disrupting sensitive government consultations. “They were anticipating it.”

英政府因中共隱瞞疫情要清算 或解約華為

10+

PostBy: 殷楚楚-chuchu yin

英政府因中共隱瞞疫情要清算 或解約華為

英國內閣大臣戈夫(Michael Gove)在媒體公開表示,中共政權應該為英國沒有及時展開大規模測試負責,這可能導致兩國之間外交緊張加劇。

【大紀元2020年03月29日訊】(大紀元記者徐簡綜合報導)英國媒體報導,英國政府對中共隱瞞信息的作法感到憤怒,表示疫情過後一定要對中共進行清算,並說如果中共一意孤行,中共政權將會淪為國際上的「惡棍國家」。

近日,英國感染中共病毒(武漢病毒,新冠狀病毒)的患者激增,王子、首相和部長也不能倖免。

內閣大臣戈夫:中共隱瞞信息 殃及英國

英國內閣大臣戈夫(Michael Gove)在媒體上公開表示,中共政權應該為英國沒有及時展開大規模測試負責,這可能導致兩國之間外交緊張加劇。

戈夫在BBC的安德魯·馬爾(Andrew Marr)節目中被問到,中國12月份就知道了第一例中共病毒案例,但英國卻為何沒進行足夠的測試?戈夫說,因為中方關於病毒的報導沒有說清楚這種流行病的「規模、性質和傳染性」。

此前川普總統也譴責過中共隱瞞信息,拖延告知國際社會,「我希望它們能早些告訴我們,因為這樣我們可以及早提出解決方案」,川普說,「我們的專家就會有多3、4個月的時間做準備,但是他們和其他人一樣,看報紙上的報導才知道這件事。」

疫情結束後 英政府要清算中共

《星期日郵報》也對英國內政大臣進行採訪,據悉約翰遜(Boris Johnson)的政府對中共政權大為惱火,他們指責中共傳播虛假信息,偽造患者數量,據悉這可能導致約翰遜放棄跟中資華為的5G交易。

該報援引三名憤怒的英國官員的話,其中一人說,疫情過後,要跟中共通過外交途徑解決。第二位不願透露姓名的官員說,「當然,現在的重中之重是應對這場危機,但每個人都知道,疫情結束後,就要跟中共清算。」

而第三位不願透露姓名的官員則說,英國政府的「憤怒達到最高點」。 還有官員說,「如果中共不改變作法,他們將真正地成為『惡棍國家』(Pariah State,被排斥的、被蔑視的國家)。」

英國政府憤怒的內容包括:中共隱瞞和掩蓋中國病患的真實數據,據英國的科學界和醫療界專家估計,中國真實的病患數字是目前中共自稱數字的15倍到40倍。截止今天,中共僅匯報了8萬1千多案例,還有最近讓世人瞠目結舌的「歸零」報告。

其次,英國官員認為,中共正在通過向其它歐洲國家提供所謂的「援助」,來擴大其國際影響力。

另外中共近日企圖把傳播病毒的責任推卸給美國,英國首相府對於這種甩鍋的做法感到憤怒。對於中共稱美軍代表團把病毒帶到武漢,英國政府的消息人士說:「一場讓人作嘔的假信息宣傳活動正在進行,這讓人無法接受。他們(中共政府)知道他們的做法非常錯誤,但是他們不承認錯誤,而是散布謊言。」

英政府或考慮停止與華為合作

據《星期日郵報》報導,英國首相約翰遜身邊的政治盟友透露,中共在中共病毒疫情期間的表現將最終促使英國重新考慮英中關係。

約翰遜曾在給華為「開綠燈」的問題上一意孤行,激怒了英國的主要盟友美國,也讓很多保守黨內的議員非常氣憤。

《星期日郵報》援引一位位高權重的內閣大臣的話說:「我們不能袖手旁觀,放任中共因為想要隱瞞(疫情)而毀了世界經濟,然後像什麼都沒有發生過一樣。

「我們不僅允許華為這樣的公司進入我們的經濟,而且還成為我們基礎設施的關鍵部分。」他譴責道,「這需要我們緊急對(華為等中資項目)進行審查,任何依賴中國供應鏈的、具有戰略意義的基礎設施必須得到緊急審查。

中國正散佈假新聞 想令全球忘記中共隱瞞疫情

10+

PostBy: 殷楚楚-chuchu yin

翻攝《CGTN》

源自中國的武漢肺炎已成全球災難。法國學者波恩達茲(Antoine Bondaz)日前接受瑞士《時報》(Le Temps)專訪指出,就在歐美深陷武漢肺炎之際,中國正在利用全球疫情重建形象,散佈「在科學上站不住腳」的陰謀論及假新聞,企圖讓世界忘記中國的錯誤,並滿足自身利益。他感嘆:「車諾比事件加速蘇聯改革;但在中國,疫情只強化習近平政權的統治」,也呼籲歐洲政府反思對中國的依賴。

策略研究基金會(FRS)研究員與巴黎政治學院(Sciences Po)教授波恩達茲19日受訪指出,中國選在這個時間點透過假新聞等方式,進行大規模國際宣傳的原因,就是要讓人忘記中國應為疫情大流行負責的這件事。
 
文章開頭描述中國近日的外交行動,包括中國外交部發言人趙立堅曾在官方推特發布,有關武漢肺炎是由美軍帶到武漢的言論,及中國官媒甚至再三強調:「對於病毒起源仍有不同看法,這個科學問題需要專業調查。」
 
波恩達茲表示,中國對內與對外宣傳的目的有2個,就是拒絕認錯與淡化失誤。一開始是把錯誤歸咎於地方官員,接著又散布「在科學上站不住腳」的陰謀論,亦即中國說「病毒是美國陰謀」這件事是沒有科學根據的;中國同時刻意淡化他們當初因言論審查、壓制輿論(如:把通報疫情的共產黨員李文亮等人,抹黑成「造謠八君子」),而導致太晚通報的錯誤。
 
中國也企圖透過捐贈義大利、法國等國來強化其論述。然而波恩達茲提醒,雖然應該感謝捐贈物資,但其實中國在2月中也收到來自法國等歐洲政府與企業的大量捐助。他說:「歐洲捐贈武漢是為了救助而非名聲;但中國卻相反,中國媒體大肆報導中國的捐贈,還製造假消息說義大利民眾在陽台高聲讚頌中國。」
 
波恩達茲分析,中國的宣傳策略有3個政治目的。第一,重建「受到疫情動搖」的統治正當性。第二,向發展中國家展示,中國是一個不可或缺的夥伴。第三,向國際炫耀「中國治理模式」,並表示這模式比西方模式更有效率。然而波恩達茲接著強調:「不要忘了,台灣與南韓等『民主國家』,也都成功處理危機。」
 
在經濟層面上,波恩達茲表示,全球化增強各國對中國的依賴,特別是策略性產業。中國非常不希望看到類似的探討(武漢肺炎)聲浪在歐洲出現。他說:「如今我們看到許多醫療器材、藥品原料、病毒試劑等都掌握在中國手裡。醫療產業是策略產業,未來應該要將部分產線移回歐洲。南韓已經這麼做了。」
 
不過波恩達茲也表示,歐洲封城使得經濟活動停止,不只面對中國將占劣勢,甚至未來在生產端也可能會比印度、印尼或巴西等疫情較不嚴重的國家更不具國際競爭力。
 
波恩達茲提到,中國正趁歐洲自顧不暇時進軍特定市場。例如華為正向歐洲各醫院提供優化網路的服務;阿里巴巴也試圖提供醫院雲端服務,以讓醫療人員可以透過人臉識別進行遠端影像問診等。
 
被問及武漢肺炎疫情可否喻為中國版的車諾比事件時,波恩達茲直言:「車諾比揭露蘇維埃體制的缺點並加速蘇聯改革;但在中國,這次事件只強化習近平政權的統治。習近平很快地控制政治風波,並把這場危機當作強化內外部的機會。」
 
專訪最後波恩達茲指出,在首要之務的公共衛生危機解除後,必將面對因疫情開啟的國際政治新局。希望歐洲政府能找到策略性視野,「不僅分析我們所犯的錯,更分析中國危機發生的真正原因、我們對中國的(過度)經濟依賴,以及中國利用疫情進行宣傳的動機」。

多名美国议员呼吁:追究中共隐瞒导致疫情大流行的责任

10+

PostBy: 殷楚楚-chuchu yin

参议员霍利(左)、斯科特(右),以及卢比奥和科顿等议员表示,将追究中共隐瞒导致疫情大流行的责任

中共在中共肺炎(又称武汉肺炎、新冠肺炎,COVID-19)爆发初期瞒报,导致全球被迫为此买单,疫情一发不可收拾。美国多名国会议员追究,中共应为掩盖疫情导致全球大流行负责。

目前,呼声最强的当属当属佛罗里达州共和党参议员鲁比奥(Marco Rubio)。卢比奥周四(19日)发推文表示,在解决当前的问题后,美国将追究中共的责任。

他说,中共在“病毒危机爆发早期拒绝向世界提供宝贵的信息,这些信息本有可能可以推迟病毒的传播。”“让我们先专注解决国家现在面临的问题,等我们度过这一难关,中共必须为它们的行为面临处置。”


他也在推特上转发周四在福克斯电视新闻上的一段访谈。他在访谈中列举多项证据,证明正是中共的行为导致了疫情蔓延全球,中共从一开始到现在,只注重进行大量“公关”工作,试图维护形象、撇清责任。

“中国企图将这一切转变成宣传运动,而不是公共卫生问题,”鲁比奥说。“全世界都应该知道这一点。”

另一名共和党参议员霍利(Josh Hawley)也同样在推特上发文,中共的所作所为让疫情失控成为全球大流行,必须自己的行为接受国际调查。他同时也要求中共为各国的损失支付赔偿。

美国之音引述他对媒体的发言称,“我们应针对此事件的来源进行调查,我们知道病毒从哪里来,病毒是从中国来的。”他说,中共应承担责任,他们应为世界各国所经历的苦难买单。

佛罗里达州的共和党参议员斯科特(Rick Scott)也在推特上说:“中共向世界隐瞒、谎报数字,还企图压制提出警告的人。病毒起源于中国,中共的所为让疫情传播得比原来的情况更远。”

中国共产党应负责任,简单明了。”

阿肯色州的共和党参议员科顿(Tom Cotton)也呼吁追究中共导致疫情灾难的责任。“中国共产党在疫情上的恶意回应,对它的每一点指责都是它应得的。中国公民和世界各地的人民是中共罪行下的真正受害者。我们将追究责任。”

美国总统川普近日来也连续批评中共在中共肺炎疫情处理上的失误。他在周六(21日)形容中共在通报疫情过程中“非常诡秘”,并重申它掩盖疫情的严重性、隐瞒全世界,他对此感到失望。

川普(川普)也说,由于中共瞒报,导致中国本身也深受其害,成千上万的中国人死亡,他们经历了“地狱般的生活”。 (据自由亚洲,留园网)   

Blame for Wuhan virus lies squarely with CCP

1+

PostBy: 殷楚楚-chuchu yin

Coronavirus crisis is Chinese Communist Party’s fault and it must pay for consequences

KAOHSIUNG (Taiwan News) — The hashtag “China lied, people died” has been trending around the world over the past few days as people come to terms with the colossal impact the Wuhan coronavirus is having on everyone’s lives.

It has sparked a hugely emotional response. The Chinese Communist Party’s (CCP) left-leaning supporters have immediately played the race card and accused anyone who dares to criticize China of being racist. The CCP has leaped on this too, as its propaganda machine has gone into overdrive to try and deflect blame over the pandemic.

From ludicrous conspiracies about the virus being released in Wuhan by the U.S. military to videos of people dressed in doctor’s uniforms pulling off their masks, there is no level the CCP won’t stoop to in order to convince the world this is not their fault. At the same time, the CCP has begun promoting the fallacy of China’s efforts to tackle the virus as being a great sacrifice on behalf of the world and suggesting we should be grateful.

It has also pulled in the leaders of those countries and organizations that pay homage to Beijing. Various world leaders have stood up to proclaim the virus “no-one’s fault,” saying we should focus on finding a solution rather than a cause.

The World Health Organization (WHO) seems more bothered about Wuhan coronavirus “stigmatizing” China than the fact it is killing thousands of people around the world. This is the same WHO that, at the behest of Beijing, insisted travel bans and restrictions were not necessary as coronavirus ripped through China.

This advice played a big role in the virus being allowed to spread internationally. Yet the discredited WHO Secretary-General, Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, mysteriously remains in office and, for some reason, the world continues to listen to his flawed advice.

While WHO has undoubtedly helped coronavirus spread through its kowtowing to Beijing, responsibility for it lies elsewhere. Wuhan coronavirus began in China and it spread because of the culture of corruption that the CCP has engrained into Chinese society. Responsibility for the coronavirus crisis lies with one organization, the CCP.

It was the CCP that silenced doctors and other whistleblowers that first spoke out about Wuhan coronavirus as far back as September 2019 according to some internal CCP documents. It was the CCP that destroyed samples and in doing so stopped medical professionals getting an early understanding of how contagious the virus was, information that could have stopped it in its tracks.

It was the CCP that refused international help in the early stages of the outbreak and refused to let WHO or other international observers into Wuhan and other infected areas. It was the CCP that covered up the outbreak by faking death and infection numbers.

It was the CCP that chose to censor the internet to remove all truthful accounts of life inside coronavirus-ravaged China and continues to do so to prevent the truth from getting out. It is the CCP that continues to spread fake news and propaganda about the coronavirus outbreak making it harder to tackle its spread.

It is the CCP and no-one else, that is responsible for Wuhan coronavirus sweeping the world.

Let’s summarize briefly what they are responsible for. At the time of writing, there are 284,013 cases globally and 11,848 deaths. We know the data coming out of China is fake and other countries are only recording a fraction of the actual number of cases because of testing limitations, so the true numbers are likely to be significantly higher.

Certainly, when the virus begins to take hold in under-developed parts of the world like Africa and Central America, the number of cases and deaths is likely to grow substantially. The CCP is to blame for these deaths.

Wuhan coronavirus is affecting everyone. Workplaces and schools are closed across the globe, economies are in free-fall, and travel is all but impossible. Life as we know it has ground to a halt, the world is on its knees, and no-one can say for sure when it will start up again.

The CCP is to blame for this. Yet still, the propaganda goes on.

China has got the disease under control, we are told in obedient media outlets. China is showing us how to beat back the epidemic.

Last week, international media reported as fact CCP claims to have zero new cases in a day for the first time. At a time when Wuhan coronavirus is rampaging around the globe, for the country of origin, with a population of 1.3 billion people, to make such an outlandish claim is utterly absurd, yet Western media lapped it up.

CCP propaganda is working and in many media outlets, far from being the villain, China is being portrayed as the knight in shining armor that will show the rest of the world how to beat Wuhan coronavirus. We must not accept these lies and we must not fall for this deceit.

This is a CCP virus that ultimately will be defeated by Western medicine.

When this happens, the CCP must face the consequences for the death and disruption it has caused. It should pay the price both financially and politically for the mess it has caused.

This situation must never be allowed to happen again and there is only one sure-fire way to ensure that is the case. The CCP must be dismantled and freedom and transparency finally delivered to the world’s most populous nation.

CORONAVIRUS “RUMOR” CRACKDOWN CONTINUES

1+

PostBy: 殷楚楚-chuchu yin

Wuhan doctor Li Wenliang was first disciplined for “spreading rumors” about the ongoing coronavirus outbreak, then used as a deterrent example by state media along with seven others. He was then rehabilitated and lionized as a heroic “whistleblower” after his status as a front-line medic came to light. His death from the virus last week sparked public fury and widespread calls for free speech, but the official campaign against supposed “rumormongers” has continued throughout, and even escalated since Li’s death with the detentions of two prominent citizen journalists.

At Caixin on Tuesday, Qin Jianxing, Wang Yanyu and Matthew Walsh reported on two other Wuhan doctors who reported police encounters similar to Li’s:

On Dec. 30, after reading an online post from a trusted fellow doctor, Liu posted a message in a work WeChat group mentioning the diagnosis of a patient with a mysterious viral pneumonia and speculated whether the area around the seafood market thought to be the center of the outbreak would be quarantined.

“To our nursing colleagues: Don’t go wandering around down there,” he warned.

The following day, Liu was called in for a talk with his employer, who grilled him on the source of the information. Around Jan. 2, he says he was summoned (link in Chinese) to a local police station, where police questioned him further and had him sign a statement.

[…] Xie, meanwhile, told Caixin (link in Chinese) she sent a message into a WeChat group out of a desire to “raise everyone’s vigilance a little” over the outbreak. She told Caixin that after screenshots of her message were posted elsewhere, she received a phone call from the Wuhan police, who subjected her to “verbal education” — a euphemism for an official tongue-lashing. Although the police gave Xie no specific punishment, they warned her against spreading “false information.” [Source]

Despite the backlash against the treatment of Li and the others, detentions continue. On Wednesday, Quartz’s Jane Li reported the arrest of citizen journalist Fang Bin:

Fang Bin, a Wuhan businessman who had been posting videos filmed from city hospitals, was allegedly arrested on Sunday (Feb. 9, link in Chinese), according to Hong Kong broadcaster RTHK, the same day he posted a 12-second video of a piece of paper with the words “resist all citizens, hand the power of the government back to the people” written on it, which he read aloud. RTHK, which didn’t name its source, said that plain-clothes police officers accompanied by fire fighters broke down Fang’s door to enter his flat. Hua Yong, a Chinese artist and rights activist, told Quartz yesterday that Fang’s friends had separately told him of the arrest.

In China, citizen journalists are rare because they can’t obtain the official certificate required for reporting news as they don’t work for a registered outlet—but amid increased public anger against the authorities, some have taken on the risk of offering the outside world a first-hand glimpse of the situation in Wuhan. But as China’s government struggles to contain a coronavirus outbreak that has killed at least 1,110 and infected close to 45,000 people, it has also stepped up efforts to contain the narrative around the epidemic and keep public anger centered on local authorities. In addition to dispatching journalists to produce more “positive” coverage from Wuhan, Beijing has censored the more critical coverage from Chinese media, and is silencing specific voices.

Yaqui Wang, China researcher for the nonprofit Human Rights Watch, noted that it appears that “authorities are as equally, if not more, concerned with silencing criticism as with containing the spread of the coronavirus,” repeating a pattern seen in past public emergencies as well. [Source]

See more on Fang’s work from China Change. Fang had previously been briefly detained by police claiming to be carrying out virus inspections. A list of recommendations to authorities from automated public sentiment analysis firm Warming High-Tech, translated last week by CDT, noted in the context of popular anger over Li’s death that disease control measures gave authorities “a legitimate reason to decisively handle any crowd.”

Suspicions of such a pretext surround the forced quarantine of lawyer and fellow citizen journalist Chen Qiushi, reported by CNN’s Nectar Gan and Natalie Thomas on Monday. Chen had previously had his social media accounts closed and been barred from leaving the country after posting heterodox video reports on mass protests in Hong Kong:

Chen arrived in Wuhan on January 24, a day after the city was placed under a state-imposed lockdown, designed to stop citizens from leaving to stem the spread of the virus. He visited overflowing hospitals, funeral parlors and makeshift isolation wards and uploaded videos of what he saw online, offering the world a glimpse into the often grim reality at the heart of the crisis.

[… I]n a live broadcast on YouTube, Xu Xiaodong, an outspoken mixed martial artist [background] and friend of Chen, played a message from the journalist’s mother saying he had been forcibly quarantined.

“In the last few hours the Qingdao public security officers and state security officers … notified Qiushi’s parents that Qiushi has already been detained in the name of quarantine. Qiushi’s mother immediately asked them where and when he was taken away, they declined to say,” said Xu.

Xu stressed that, based on his interactions with Chen and the testimony of those on the ground, Chen had been in good health prior to his disappearance.

[…] “I’m scared, I have the virus in front of me and behind me China’s law enforcement,” Chen said in an emotional video recorded in his hotel room on January 30. [Source]

In an interview last week with Jane Li at Quartz last week, Chen discussed his exile to Western social media, his emphasis on accuracy, and the “political risks” of his actions:

[…] There were lots of rumors circulating on WeChat, which I could not verify. I only report the real situation that I saw myself. […]

[…] I am very nervous because if I get anything wrong, or post even just one piece of fake information, it will be widely shared on the internet… I do feel embarrassed, because I don’t work for any proper media. And I post videos on YouTube, a thing most Chinese people have not heard of. Some people who use VPN know about me and offer me lots of help, even asking me to stay at theirs. So that was why I did a joint live stream with “Face Mask Brother,” who was one of the few vloggers in Wuhan recording their daily lives…

[…] The police security bureau in my hometown also visited my parents’ house because they could not find me. They didn’t dare to come to Wuhan. They ‘educated’ my parents to tell me not to spread negative comments about the government… If I reveal my real location, there could be a risk of me getting arrested. I cannot think about it too much, or I will be afraid of doing anything. As one of the remaining reporters on the front line, I could help spread some information. For the political risks of doing so, I have no time to worry about that for now. [Source]

Chen’s work was one focus of a recent New Yorker piece by Han Zhang on the information controls surrounding the outbreak:

“In the past few years, since Xi started to regulate the Internet and control information and crack down on civil society—including many verified users with large followings—there have been fewer and fewer voices that question or criticize the government, and less and less discussion of public affairs,” [CDT founder] Xiao Qiang, the director of the Counter-Power Lab, at the University of California, Berkeley, which studies digital freedom and censorship, told me. “This is the first large-scale eruption of opinions since then.”

[…] State media employ language that “maintains a clear and bright cyberspace,” Guobin Yang, a professor of sociology and contemporary China at the University of Pennsylvania, told me. “It is Internet censorship in the name of civility.” He pointed out that, although the Chinese supreme court cleared the Wuhan “rumor-mongers,” their decision did not necessarily endorse a free flow of information. In its statement, the court stressed the importance of general vigilance against rumors, especially those that could lead to “social disorders”; these include rumors that “slander the state for inability to control the epidemic” and “fabricate information about hospitals losing control of the epidemic.”

In short, the court’s decision “says that you can’t punish these eight people. It also reaffirms the rule that you can’t spread rumors,” Yang said. “But what is a rumor, and what is not? That’s still up to the public-security people to decide. Often, in this kind of situation, even the authorities don’t know what kind of signal to send out. So a safer approach is to send a positive signal and then a negative signal.” [Source]

At Foreign Affairs in 2015, “Blocked on Weibo” author Jason Q. Ng wrote:

Throughout modern Chinese history, rumor has been a flexible category that has included not only speculation and falsehoods but also unsanctioned opinions about contemporary events. During the Mao era, the historian Steve Smith has written, rumors were considered to be “any information or opinion at variance with the official construction of reality”—even when that information or opinion was mostly factual. […][Source]

In a roundup of outbreak-related censorship translated by CDT English this week, CDT Chinese editors noted:

Author Hu Yong’s old essay, “Rumors, a Kind of Social Protest” once again returned to public view [linked post continuously updated collection of censored “rumors” on the topic. CDT has translated one such “rumor.”]. The essay quotes Kapferer: “Rumors are both social and political. ‘Official’ sources are political in nature. They emerge from a kind of consensus. This consensus determines who has the right to speak, even if they lack the right to do so from a moral or ethical standpoint. Rumors are a kind of relationship with the authorities: they reveal secrets, propose hypotheticals; they force the authorities to speak. They are an objection to the fact that the authorities are the only source of information. Without invitation, rumors spontaneously fight for the right to speak. They are often statements from the opposing party. Official refutations are unable to squelch them, because they make official positions seem unreliable. Rumors cause us to question the authorities, to question the notion that ‘only those with the right to speak with speak on a matter.’ Rumors and official accounts are sometimes at odds with one another, so rumors constitute a kind of anti-power, while at the same time acting as a kind of balance against power.” Because of this, the people have no other recourse but to look for the truth in rumors. [Source]

Hu Yong also explained his views on rumors in a 2011 interview with Time Weekly, translated at China Media Project.

In an op-ed at The Guardian highlighting rights violations in the handling of the epidemic last week, Chinese Human Rights Defenders’ Frances Eve cited concrete examples of “rumors” in the current context: “reports of potential cases, including people turned away from hospitals or dying without ever being tested and quickly cremated, criticism of the government, the distribution of masks, or the criticism of the discrimination of people from Wuhan or others who may be infected.” CHRD has catalogued 351 cases of punishment for rumor-spreading, demonstrating that cases like Chen Qiushi’s, Li Wenliang’s, and the other Wuhan medics’ are far from unique. The group notes that “Shandong Provincial authorities announced on January 27 that they had investigated and punished 123 individuals for sending ‘malicious rumours,’ in an indication of the scale of police operations outside Hubei.” If comprehensive and proportionally representative, this figure would indicate around 1,700 cases nationally as of January 27.

Six examples not included in CHRD’s list appeared in a document posted to Jinri Toutiao, ostensibly originating from authorities in Shuozhou, a city of 1.7 million in northern Shanxi, some 600 miles from Wuhan.

Report from Shuozhou on recent handling of harmful online information.

According to the spirit of the Municipal Party Committee’s Cyberspace Administration Office and municipal Public Security Bureau’s “Public Notice on Cracking Down on Harmful Online Information During the Epidemic Control Period in Accordance With the Law,” we report the following six examples of people spreading such information:

1) At around 9 a.m. on January 26, 2020, user Wang XX of Shuocheng district posted in the WeChat group “Let’s Drink”: “Damned Shanxi hasn’t reported any suspected cases, they’re not telling the whole story.”

On January 26, the local Beiwang village police substation summoned Wang and carried out education and admonition.

2) On the morning of January 27, 2020, user Lü XX of Shuocheng district posted in a WeChat group: “The last few days I’ve been scaling the wall to look at Twitter, a lot of videos from Wuhan say the government’s not doing anything.”

On January 27, the local Beiwang village police substation summoned Lü and carried out education and admonition.

3) On January 25, 2020, user Li XX (female) of Ying county posted in a WeChat group: “This epidemic must be worse than we imagine when there’s only one confirmed case in the whole of Shaanxi province, but there are two cases in our county. I feel the officials must be lying.”

On January 28, the Ying country [Public Security Bureau] internet security division summoned Li and carried out education and admonition.

4) On January 27, 2020, user Yang XX of Ying county posted in a WeChat group: “Today’s paper said there have been nine cases altogether in Shanxi province. There have been that many just in Ying county—I feel the state is underreporting the situation.”

On January 28, the Ying county [Public Security Bureau] internet security division summoned Yang and carried out education and admonition.

5) On January 27, 2020, user Yan XX (female) of Shuocheng district posted a voice message in a WeChat group: “The village head died after coming back from Wuhan.”

On January 28, the Shuocheng district online safety group summoned Yan and carried out education and admonition.

6) On January 26, 2020, Qi XX (male, 32, from Datong city’s Kuang district) posted on Baidu Tieba’s “Huairen [county] Forum”: “A group of people are sick, so what if several thousands or 100 million die …”

On January 29, the Huairen municipal Public Security Bureau summoned Qi to court, after which he made a full confession of his improper conduct. The PSB imposed a punishment of 7 days administrative detention.

Shuozhou Municipal Party Committee Cyberspace Administration Office

January 29, 2020 [Chinese]

CDT Chinese has also archived a now-deleted WeChat post by Li Yuchen, describing his eight-hour detention over postings on the Li Wenliang case on the “Rights Wall” WeChat public account. He concluded: “Dr. Li Wenliang, who was reprimanded and has now passed away, said that a healthy society should not have only one voice. […] I believe the best memorial I can give him is to keep acting as a citizen, and to keep operating Rights Wall.”

Law professor Xu Zhangrun, who was suspended by Tsinghua University last year over his fierce written criticisms of Xi Jinping, commented on the public awareness “that the online terror can all too readily escape the virtual realm” in a February 4 essay. From Geremie Barmé’s translation at ChinaFile:

As the technologies being deployed to create China’s big data totalitarianism have been developed with the largesse possible because of unlimited government budgets, we are now experiencing a 1984-style of total surveillance and control. In practice this allows for what could be called “WeChat terrorism,” something directly targets China’s vast online population. The masses are, through their taxes, in fact funding a vast Internet police force that is empowered by the party-state to oversee, supervise and track every statement and action made by everyone in the country. This new canker on the body politic is a direct product of the system itself. People now live in constant anxiety, for they know that the imposition of this kind of Internet terrorism is not limited merely to the suspension or shutting down of personal WeChat accounts, or the larger enterprise of banning whole chat groups [which are a vital way for individuals to debate issues of interest]. Everyone is mindful that the online terror can all too readily escape the virtual realm and become overtly physical; that is the cases when the authorities use what they have learned online send the police to deal with online users in real-time. The resulting widespread social disquiet fosters an atmosphere of constant self-censorship and people are beset by nagging worries about what inexplicable punishment may befall them at any given moment. [Source]

In a blog post this week, legal scholar Jerome Cohen discussed such cases of “low level, low visibility police oppression”:

The summoning, humiliation and intimidation of Dr. Li Wenliang and presumably seven colleagues by the Wuhan Public Security’s neighborhood police station turned attention to the frequent but usually low visibility means by which police enforce the minor offenses law, the Security Administration Punishment Law (SAPL, zhian guanli chufa-fa). It authorizes the police alone to suppress a broad range of vaguely defined offenses that are not deemed to be “crimes” and therefore not subject to the formal protections of the Criminal Procedure Law that involve the procuracy (prosecutors) and the courts. The SAPL, which accounts for many more punishments each year than the criminal process, is a major vehicle for low level, low visibility police oppression. Its maximum penalty, 15 days of detention (juliu) for each offense, is usually very unpleasant since shared with many others in uncomfortable and unsanitary conditions.

Nevertheless, as Dr. Li’s case demonstrates, actual formal detention is often unnecessary since an informal “chat”, a stern warning and insistence upon the summoned suspect’s signing a statement of apology and vow to reform is the condition for release. As Dr. Li told the NY Times: ”I felt I was wronged, but I had to accept it.” [Source]

A Cyberspace Administration of China notice translated last week by China Media Project’s David Bandurski showed that company representatives may also be “called in for discussions in accord with the law”:

In recent days, the Cyberspace Administration of China has, on the basis of reports from the masses, directed local CACs to seriously deal with such information and content as the “Pipi Gaoxiao” (皮皮搞笑) online social platform which has distributed harmful short videos about the coronavirus outbreak, and has spread panic, [ordering them to] remove the app from the app store immediately. Concerning certain products on the Baidu web platform posting information in violation of regulations to users and conducting lax management, and Huxiu and other online platforms illegally engaging in internet news information services in epidemic-related reports and other problems, [the companies] have been called in for discussions in accord with the law. They have been ordered to immediately stop all illegal conduct and to carry out comprehensive and deep rectification, and these relevant online platforms [have been ordered to] close down problem sections (问题栏目). Concerning Sina Weibo, Tencent, ByteDance and other internet companies, special supervision (专项督导) will now be in effect. Concerning [the WeChat public accounts] “Netease Finance” (网易财经), “Sina Weitianxia” (新浪微天下), “Guyu Laboratory” (谷雨实验室), “Jianmeow” (史上最贱喵) and other online accounts that have illegally carried out reporting activities (自采), broadcast untrue information and other problems, they will be handed in a timely manner. [Source]

China Law Translate has posted a set of judicial opinions on the strict punishment of rumor-spreading, along with other “Violations and Crimes that Obstruct the Prevention and Control of the Novel Coronavirus Pneumonia Epidemic” such as breaking quarantine or refusing treatment; threatening or attacking medical personnel; making or selling fake or substandard protective gear or medication; price hikes, fraud, or looting; and dereliction of duty or corruption in combating the outbreak.

[…] Cases of fabricating information on the epidemic should be handled precisely and appropriately in accordance with law. Malicious fabrication of epidemic information, causing social panic, stirring up public sentiment, or disrupting social order, especially maliciously attacking the Party and government, taking the opportunity to incite subversion of state power or overthrow of the socialist system, should be strictly punished in accordance with law. Where disseminating false information due to credulity and the harm is not large, it is not to handled as a crime. [Source]

As a post at Chublic Opinion noted, “anti-rumor” enforcement is not solely enacted by the authorities themselves:

[…] If things have changed in the 17 years since 2003, one clear difference is the emergence of grassroots online defenders of the state against what they see as “subversive forces”. Experts, media, and individuals may all become targets of intimidation in the name of “rumor busting” (piyao). The unifying value of such online actors (some showing signs of state coordination, others spontaneous) appears to be the upholding of social order and stability in the face of extreme uncertainty and chaos. Any utterance that is considered to incendiary or misleading is treated with harsh, and in many cases personal, criticism. Media questioning of official statistics and amplification of non-officially condoned voices run the double risk of both government censorship and punishment by public opinion. What’s tragic is that right in the middle of the Wuhan emergency, this advanced online “immune system against dissent” were activated to attack individuals with real needs and grievances.

[…] All over Weibo, desperate help seekers from the epicenter of the contagious disaster were being chased and attacked by “truth guards” for spreading rumors and misinformation. The bullying was so widespread that a user came up with a satirical guideline advising Wuhaners asking for help on Weibo to self-humiliate and apologize preemptively to the truth guards for their forgiveness. [Source]

Many commentators acknowledge the “legitimate concern that false information from any source could result in panic,” but authorities have repeatedly conflated this with political criticism or simply bad PR. Further fueling anger at official “anti-rumor” measures is their prominent role in a broader climate of opacity which is taking much of the blame for the failure to contain the epidemic in its early stages. As CDT founder Xiao Qiang wrote in an op-ed at the South China Morning Post, “overbearing censorship and bureaucratic obfuscation had squandered any opportunity to get the virus under control before it had spread across Wuhan, a city of 11 million people.” A statement from the China Human Rights Lawyers Group, translated at China Change, argued similarly:

It is precisely this suppression of information that has caused the virus to spread, forced countless families to be separated, and turned this into nationwide disaster and global tragedy.

Even more disturbing, the crackdown is still ongoing. […]

We do not deny that there are people who deliberately spread rumors, but a distinction must be made between rumors and incomplete information. A citizen is not an office of power; a citizen can hardly have access to completely accurate information, never mind that the data from a developing situation is always in flux. These citizens are sharing timely information based on the facts they have at hand. They are the most ardent of patriots. Theirs is the most valuable of speech. These people should be protected, not suppressed. [Source]

In a petition calling for free speech following Li Wenliang’s death, also translated at China Change, a group of intellectuals including Xu Zhangrun wrote that the epidemic’s current status is “a result of the authorities suppressing speech and the truth […] bent more on shutting off people’s mouths than preventing an epidemic. […] They have used disease control as a pretext to illegally deprive citizens of their constitutional rights, including the right to free speech, right to freedom of movement, and the right to private property. […] Where there is no free speech, there is no safety.” (SCMP reports that “the petition is gaining momentum online, but some of the signatories have already come under pressure.”)

In a recent interview with Vox, the Council on Foreign Relations’ Yanzhong Huang described a lack of transparency both within officialdom and toward the public and outside world. Noting the “decline and degradation of China’s non-state media industry,” Chublic Opinion argued that although “the China of 2020 is economically and technologically much more advanced than the China of 2003, […] 17 years after SARS, the country had proactively dismantled a key part of its immune system against such danger.” CDT Chinese editors, introducing their January censorship roundup, quoted Camus’ “The Plague”: “’There’s no heroism in any of this. This is merely a matter of honesty. The only possible way to fight the plague is honesty.’ If you want to know why Wuhan pneumonia went from controllable to uncontrolled, why it’s now an international public health emergency, there is only one reason, I’m afraid: dishonesty.”

At China Media Project, Qian Gang contrasted the efforts of Li and others to speak out with the silence of the 2,369 delegates at the Wuhan and Hubei “Two Sessions” meetings in early January, whose shadow is widely blamed for giving the outbreak time to spread.

[…] Did any delegates, including those from the medical profession, exercise their right to democratic supervision (民主监督) or political participation (参政议政), offering suggestions to the government on prevention and control of the epidemic?

[…] The 2020 “two meetings” in Hubei were the first time that “delegate channels” were set up with the idea of allowing delegates to answer questions and speak up in public. Were these interactive channels actually used to respond to the most pressing concerns of the public? Why did the media not use these channels to address questions about the epidemic to delegates?

[…] The “two sessions” are not meant to be celebrations or carnivals. The people’s congress system and the political consultation system are meant, at least in principle, to be watchtowers and protective walls safeguarding society and the people. When such an immense threat faces the well-being of the people, it is impossible not to ask serious questions about what ails this system, about what kind of virus has infected it.

[…] The coronavirus epidemic has worked like a CT scan of China’s system, exposing the deep contrast between lofty rhetoric and real conduct, and displaying the “voiding out” (虚化) of the people’s congress and political consultative systems. Millions of people are now bearing the burden of a calamity brought out by this chronic disease of the system. [Source]

From his rehabilitation after Li’s identity as a frontline doctor was revealed to the dispatch of national disciplinary inspectors after his death, central authorities have sought to deflect blame for these early whistleblowers’ treatment, while encouraging similar action elsewhere. In a ChinaFile Conversation on public anger over the outbreak, Rui Zhong noted that such deflection is “an old tactic, allowing for a small, localized stream of criticism to siphon off discontent before it overflows.” Many argue, however, that local authorities’ failures are symptomatic of the broader climate aggressively cultivated by Xi Jinping himself. Andrew J. Nathan argued that “Xi has pulled a previously lax administrative system together in such a way that it is now dysfunctionally hyper-responsive to central directives but paralyzed in their absence. Xi’s version of the Chinese party-state stands revealed as a Frankenstein’s monster that flails about in response to its master’s commands, wrecking everything that it hits.” Jude Blanchette commented that “this is a system-wide failure, and a thunderous repudiation of Xi’s system of governance.” Still more forceful expression of this argument came from Xu Zhangrun. From ChinaFile:

Ours is a system in which The Ultimate Arbiter [an imperial-era term used by state media to describe Xi Jinping] monopolizes power. It results in what I call “organizational discombobulation” that, in turn, has served to enable a dangerous “systemic impotence” at every level. A political culture has thereby been nurtured that, in terms of the real public good, is ethically bankrupt, for it is one that strains to vouchsafe its privatized Party-State, or what they call their “Mountains and Rivers” while abandoning the people over which it holds sway to suffer the vicissitudes of a cruel fate. It is a system that turns every natural disaster into an even greater man-made catastrophe. The coronavirus epidemic has revealed the rotten core of Chinese governance; the fragile and vacuous heart of the jittering edifice of state has thereby shown up as never before.

[…] The last seven decades [of the People’s Republic] have taught the people many lessons about the hazards of totalitarian government. This time around, it is the virus that is proving the point once more and in the most undeniable fashion. [Source]